By Neophytos (Neo) Antoniades, Georgios Ellinas, Ioannis Roudas
Modeling, Simulation, layout and Engineering of WDM platforms and Networks provides readers with the fundamental talents, thoughts, and layout ideas used to start layout and engineering of optical communique platforms and networks at a variety of layers. the newest semi-analytical process simulation innovations are utilized to optical WDM platforms and networks, and a evaluate of a few of the present components of optical communications is gifted. Simulation is blended with experimental verification and engineering to provide the in addition to state of the art research.
This contributed quantity is split into 3 components, accommodating diversified readers drawn to quite a few sorts of networks and functions. the 1st a part of the ebook offers modeling techniques and simulation instruments typically for the actual layer together with transmission results, units, subsystems, and systems), while the second one half gains extra engineering/design matters for varied different types of optical structures together with ULH, entry, and in-building structures. The 3rd a part of the e-book covers networking matters relating to the layout of provisioning and survivability algorithms for impairment-aware and multi-domain networks.
Intended for pro scientists, corporation engineers, and collage researchers, the textual content demonstrates the effectiveness of computer-aided layout by way of community engineering and prototyping.
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Modeling, Simulation, layout and Engineering of WDM structures and Networks presents readers with the elemental abilities, innovations, and layout thoughts used to start layout and engineering of optical verbal exchange structures and networks at a number of layers. the newest semi-analytical approach simulation innovations are utilized to optical WDM platforms and networks, and a evaluate of many of the present parts of optical communications is gifted.
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Extra resources for WDM Systems and Networks: Modeling, Simulation, Design and Engineering
12 shows a sample network configuration and typical results of the parametric system validation process. 12a depicts the simulation setup1 of a three-node network that consists of two parallel paths connecting N1 and N2 with H2, and a common Raman-amplified 140 km link connecting H2 with N3. A total of 16 C-band channels each carrying 10 Gbit/s are used for communication between N1 and N3, while 16 L-band channels are deployed between N2 and N3. The individual SSMF fiber spans are post-compensated by appropriate DCFs; EDFAs are placed at H1 and H2 accounting for the accumulated loss.
For example, an accuracy of D \ 2% can be achieved for P ¼ hDsrms iBm ¼ 100 using averaged results from 50 Monte-Carlo simulations. Note that increasing the number of simulation trials does not improve the modeling accuracy. 1 ps is modeled using the method described in Richter et al. . 9 shows contour plots of bit error rate (BER) versus DGD for the 40 Gbit/s tributaries from 6,000 simulation trials with random PMD realizations using a deterministic BER estimation method accounting for arbitrary signal statistics and polarization states of optical noise and signal in front of the receiver .
Richter Fig. 7 Evolution of Single-Mode Fiber modeling the most prominent one being the split-step method. This method is based on the assumption that linear and nonlinear propagation effects can be considered independently over a short fiber distance Dz called split step-size so that: Â Ã Aðz þ DzÞ ¼ AðzÞeDzN eDzD ð2:24Þ where D is the linear operator accounting for fiber dispersion and attenuation and N the nonlinear operator accounting for the Kerr nonlinearity. If Dz, the so-called split-step size, becomes too large the condition for separable calculation of D and N breaks down, and the algorithm fails.
WDM Systems and Networks: Modeling, Simulation, Design and Engineering by Neophytos (Neo) Antoniades, Georgios Ellinas, Ioannis Roudas