By David T. Zabecki
This is the 1st examine of the Ludendorff Offensives of 1918 dependent largely on key German documents presumed to be misplaced without end after Potsdam used to be bombed in 1944.
In 1997, David T. Zabecki chanced on translated copies of those documents in a suite of previous tutorial fabric on the U.S. military Command and basic employees university at castle Leavenworth, Kansas. He provides his findings the following for the 1st time, with a radical evaluation of the surviving unique operational plans and orders, to provide a wealth of clean insights to the German Offensives of 1918.
David T. Zabecki in actual fact demonstrates how the German failure to take advantage of the vulnerabilities within the BEF’s rail process resulted in the failure of the 1st offensives, and the way inadequacies within the German rail approach decided the end result of the final 3 offensives. it is a window into the brain of the German basic employees of global struggle I, with thorough research of the German making plans and determination making techniques throughout the execution of battles. this can be additionally the 1st research in English or in German to investigate the specifics of the aborted Operation HAGEN plan. this is often additionally the 1st learn of the 1918 Offensives to target the ‘operational point of warfare’ and at the physique of army job often called ‘the operational art’, instead of at the traditional tactical or strategic levels.
This ebook may be of significant curiosity to all scholars of global struggle I, the German military and of strategic experiences and army concept in general.
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This is often the 1st learn of the Ludendorff Offensives of 1918 dependent generally on key German files presumed to be misplaced without end after Potsdam used to be bombed in 1944. In 1997, David T. Zabecki came upon translated copies of those documents in a set of outdated tutorial fabric on the U. S. military Command and common employees collage at castle Leavenworth, Kansas.
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Extra info for The German 1918 Offensives: A Case Study in The Operational Level of War
In Book 1 of On War, the emphasis is clearly on destruction. 83 In analyzing German military thought, it is all too easy to try to build too much of a case on what Clausewitz may have meant on a given point, or how he may or may not have been misinterpreted. 85 In his book, How Germany Makes War, Bernhardi bluntly wrote, “Clausewitz considers the defensive the stronger form of conducting war. 87 Both Rosinski and Wallach have offered explanations of why the pre-World War I German Army progressively turned away from the ideas of Clausewitz.
It is impossible to divorce completely the operational from the strategic and tactical levels. Thus I have also considered the German strategic situation in 1918 and the tactical and technical realities of World War I. In conducting this analysis, I have relied on both primary and secondary sources. I have consulted published books, magazine and journal articles, ofﬁcial histories, and both contemporary and present-day doctrinal manuals. I have also examined all of the surviving German plans and records of the ﬁve Ludendorff offensives, and the planning ﬁles for Operation HAGEN.
To the best of my knowledge, no scholarly study has ever been made of the HAGEN plans. Scope and methods This book focuses on German offensive operations and planning on the Western Front from November 1917 through July 1918. The discussion includes the Eastern Front, defensive operations in 1918, and overall operations in 1914–1917 only insofar as necessary to explain the plans and actions of the Ludendorff offensives. I have conducted the analysis from the point of view of the Germans. I have, of course, considered and described the responses of the Western Allies—the British, French, and Americans—but I have neither analyzed their plans nor critiqued their actions.
The German 1918 Offensives: A Case Study in The Operational Level of War by David T. Zabecki