By Theodore A. Bergren
6 Ezra is a brief oracular writing that's integrated within the biblical Apocrypha because the ultimate chapters (15-16) of Ezra, or 2 Esdras. forged because the phrases of God mediated via an unnamed prophet, the most a part of the paintings units forth predictions of coming near near doom for the world.
_ There hasn't ever been an incredible examine of 6 Ezra or perhaps a whole severe version of the e-book, and certainly little has been written approximately it because the 19th century. This booklet is designed to fill that hole, supplying an in depth research of the textual content itself, and addressing the questions of its social atmosphere, provenance, date, spiritual association, and recensional state of affairs of the textual content. it is going to serve to make this significant textual content available to a much wider viewers, whereas laying the principles for its additional learn.
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Extra resources for Sixth Ezra: The Text and Origin
TWO Evidence for the Text of 6 Ezra PRIMARY EVIDENCE: THE MANUSCRIPTS As noted in chapter 1, the primary textual base for 6 Ezra consists of eight Latin manuscripts that are known not to depend exclusively on any other extant manuscript of the work. , from St. Riquier, later at St. , from Echternach V Abulensis: Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional vitr. , from Leon To these witnesses, which also form the main textual base for 5 Ezra and for the Latin version of 4 Ezra, must be added the fourth-century Greek fragment of 15:57-59 found at Oxyrhynchus (X).
Based on our knowledge of Jewish and Christian Greek and Latin translation literature in antiquity, by far the leading candidates would be Hebrew and Aramaic. And there are, in fact, a few elements in the Latin text that could suggest a Semitic original. In autsicutin vinea vindemiata etsubremanetracemus. , "And it will be when . , and. . ). A similar situation occurs in 15:30: Carmonii insanientes in ira et exient de silva. In neither case, however, does the wording in 6 Ezra exactly replicate a syntactic situation that might be expected in a Semitic text.
236v-237v. It has the incipit Liber Esdre prophete quartus but no explicit. Fifth Ezra begins on the next line off. 237v. Although there is no incipit, the enlarged initial letter (V) of the first word marks a break in the text. This letter is larger than that with which paragraphs normally begin, but not as large as the letters that signal the beginnings of 4 Ezra, 6 Ezra, and Esther. Fifth Ezra extends to f. 238v, ending with Expliciunt libri Esdre prophete. Thus, 6 and 5 Ezra are apparently intended to be read as one "book" (labeled "4 Ezra") with two parts.
Sixth Ezra: The Text and Origin by Theodore A. Bergren