Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle Physics: Books I and II (Clarendon Aristotle by Aristotle (author), William Charlton (translator and editor)

By Aristotle (author), William Charlton (translator and editor)

ISBN-10: 0198720262

ISBN-13: 9780198720263

Within the first books of the Physics Aristotle discusses philosophical matters concerned about the research of the actual universe. He introduces his contrast among shape and topic and his fourfold category of explanations or explanatory elements, and defends teleological rationalization. those books for that reason shape a traditional access into Aristotle's method as an entire, and likewise occupy a huge position within the historical past of medical concept. the current quantity presents an in depth literal translation, which are utilized by severe scholars with out Greek. The advent and remark take care of the translation and review, from a philosophical point of view, of what Aristotle says. This translation was once first released in 1970.

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Extra info for Aristotle Physics: Books I and II (Clarendon Aristotle Series)

Sample text

There are also some who think that luck is indeed a cause, but one inscrutable to human thought, because it is divine or supernatural in character. So we must examine the automatic and luck, and see what each is, whether they are the same or different, and what their place is among the causes we have distinguished. CHAPTER 5 In the first place, then, since we see some things always, and 10 others for the most part, coming to be in the same way, it is plain that luck or its outcome is not called the cause of either of these—of that which is of necessity and always,, or of that which is for the most part.

If, then, things seem to be either a coincidental outcome or for something, and the things we are discussing 5 cannot be either a coincidental or an automatic outcome, they must be for something. But all such things are due to nature, as the authors of the view under discussion themselves admit. The 'for something', then, is present in things which are and come to be due to nature. Again, where there is an end, the successive things which go before are done for it. As things are done, so they are by 10 nature such as to be, and as they are by nature such as to be, so they are done, if there is no impediment.

Given that there is one thing which is divine and good and yearned for, our suggestion is that there is one thing which is opposite to this, and another which is by nature such as to yearn and reach out for it in accordance with its own nature. They, however, will find that the opposite is reaching out for its own destruction. But the truth is that neither can the form yearn ao for itself, since it is in need of nothing, nor can its opposite yearn for it, since opposites are mutually destructive, but it is the matter which does the yearning.

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Aristotle Physics: Books I and II (Clarendon Aristotle Series) by Aristotle (author), William Charlton (translator and editor)

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