By Thomas A. Britten
In the course of global warfare I, approximately 10,000 local americans both enlisted or have been drafted into the yankee Expeditionary strength. 3 similar questions are tested extensive for the 1st time during this booklet: What have been the battlefield reports of local americans? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians have an effect on their tasks? Did their wartime contributions result in adjustments in federal Indian coverage or their commonplace of living?Many American Indians individual themselves scuffling with at the Western entrance. And compared to black and Mexican American squaddies, Indians loved close to common admire whilst in uniform. To have a good time their patriotism in the course of and after the warfare, Indians may well even practice quite a few conventional ceremonies in a different way proscribed. either in strive against and of their aid roles at the homefront, together with volunteer contributions via Indian girls, local american citizens was hoping their efforts may lead to a extra full of life program of democracy. however the Bureau of Indian Affairs persisted to chop healthiness and education schemes and to suppress Indian cultures. "This is a major ebook and an important contribution to twentieth-century Indian history."--Professor Donald L. Parman
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The second chapter, "Indian Soldiers and the Issue of Segregated Troops," introduces the debate between assimilationists and preservationists over the direction of Indian policy and reform; it places the issue of segregating Indian soldiers within the context of that discussion. The activities of Dr. Joseph Kossuth Dixon, the eccentric, vain, and often Janus-faced reformer who championed the idea of creating all Indian units during and after World War I, are particularly important and receive a good deal of scrutiny.
What motivated Indian men to take up arms in defense of a nation whose Anglo majority had failed to recognize all Native Americans as citizens and had disenfranchised many of those who were citizens? Indian contributions on the Western Frontboth in combat and support rolesprovide the foci of the next two chapters. Chapter 4 presents a general chronology of Indian military activities on the Western Front. Chapter 5 gives an evaluation of the effectiveness of Indian soldiers, the prevalence of racial stereotypes, and the impact of popular misconceptions on the types of jobs and duties that Native Americans performed.
10 In the West, however, few experienced commanders expressed reluctance to make use of Native Americans. Many, in fact, complained that they could never get enough Indian scouts. To them, the scouts added strength to deficient units, and their psychological impact on the enemy was an important deterrent to Apaches who hoped to escape reservation life. 11 Many Apache scouts had served formerly with such military leaders as Geronimo or Victorio and could, therefore, provide useful strategic advice to their army commanders.
American Indians in World War I: at home and at war by Thomas A. Britten