America Responds to Terrorism: Conflict Resolution by K. Feste PDF

By K. Feste

ISBN-10: 0230623565

ISBN-13: 9780230623569

What coverage is healthier for the USA to lessen the specter of Islamic extremist terrorism? fresh American presidents have utilized replacement clash answer methods. Clinton practiced clash avoidance, speaking difficult yet not often retaliating opposed to anti-American terrorist assaults. G. W. Bush followed a fighter process and the worldwide battle on Terrorism and armed forces interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq replicate this approach. Obama brought a 3rd substitute: challenge fixing and lengthening peaceable overtures whereas maintaining resistance. Will the tactic be successful? Feste analyzes presidential rhetoric on counterterrorism coverage throughout the lens of factor framing, enemy aggression, self -hardship, and victimization expressed in various speeches brought through those leader executives to spotlight and evaluate their clash answer thoughts.

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Additional info for America Responds to Terrorism: Conflict Resolution Strategies of Clinton, Bush, and Obama (The Evolving American Presidency)

Example text

132–133) calls it one of the most powerful tools for solving conflict. By implication, framing is the center of conflict analysis. Framing refers to the way a conflict is described; reframing is “the process of changing the way a thought is presented so that it maintains its fundamental meaning but is more likely to support resolution efforts. Successive reframing comes into play because complex conflicts or issues cannot easily be effectively reframed in one clever effort. It is an interactive and iterative communication process.

These perspectives function to organize facts and derive expectations about future developments. Of the three frames explaining human nature and causes of conflict, Realists see people as self-interested and competitive; the chief concept for understanding politics is the pursuit of power. Conflict arises by opposing self-interests of parties. Thus achieving a balance of power is the best one can do, which means expanding and preserving one’s power. Liberals believe humans are capable of enlightened cooperation and interdependence; they operate with an optimistic view of the world.

Risk perception is a function of the unknown (people tend to overestimate risks of something novel, unobservable, and unknown) and a dread factor (a perceived lack of control, potential for catastrophic consequences, certainty of fatal effects), which is even stronger than the unknown factor. They have “signal value” harbingers of worse consequences to follow. Leaders in a good situation are more likely to be cautious in their choices. indd 27 3/18/2011 5:39:59 PM 28 America Responds to Terrorism bad situation, where things are bad or likely to get worse, are more likely to make risky choices to recover their losses (McDermott, 1998).

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America Responds to Terrorism: Conflict Resolution Strategies of Clinton, Bush, and Obama (The Evolving American Presidency) by K. Feste

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