By Lester L. Grabbe
The ecu Seminar in historic technique is dedicated to debating matters surrounding the background of historic Israel and Judah with the purpose of constructing methodological rules for writing a heritage of the interval. during this specific consultation the subject selected was once the Omride dynasty - its upward push and fall - and the next Jehu dynasty, right down to the autumn of Samaria to the Assyrians. individuals speak about such subject matters because the courting of prophetic texts, the home of Ahab in Chronicles, the Tel Dan inscription, the Mesha inscription, the Jezebel culture, the archaeology of Iron IIB, the connection among the biblical textual content and modern resources, and the character of the Omride nation. the quantity by the way provides a fairly entire remedy of the most assets, matters, debates, and secondary literature in this interval of Israel's heritage. An introductory bankruptcy summarizes the person papers and in addition the suitable part of Mario Liverani's fresh heritage of the interval. A concluding 'Reflections at the Debate' summarizes the problems raised within the papers and gives a standpoint at the dialogue.
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Extra info for Ahab Agonistes: The Rise and Fall of the Omri Dynasty (Library of Hebrew Bible - Old Testament Studies)
The historical background for Amos clearly reflects the relationship between the Aramaeans and the Assyrians in the ninth to eighth centuries BCE. In this picture, we may witness how various city states constantly rebel against their Assyrian overlords, and how the Neo-Assyrian empire strikes back. At the very centre of this 'imperial dynamics', we find the many different political and military coalitions. One of these is referred to in Amos 1-2. From Amos, we may conclude that Damascus had, yet again, rebelled against the Assyrians, and that the city state of Samaria was one of the most important allies of the Aramaeans.
Concerning Gath in general, we are, unfortunately, on less secure ground. For instance, Gath is hardly mentioned in the Neo-Assyrian sources before Sargon II. According to Sargon's annals, the cities of Ashdod and Gath were incorporated into the Assyrian empire in the year 711 BCE (Grayson 1991/2000: 89). Also, unlike the other main Philistine cities, the location of Gath has never been secured. Nonetheless, not a few scholars identify Gath with Tell esSafi. The location, and, not least, the enormous size of the tell, supports the possibility that we here are dealing with ancient Gath.
The text is interesting also because of the description of the tribute. '. We note with interest that it is the field marshal, not the king, that receives the tribute. This might suggest that it is Shamshiilu, and not Shalmaneser IV, that represents the power. This fits well into a pattern found also in a series of other texts from this period, indicating that important officials, not the king, were the real power persons (Grayson 1996/2002: 200-1). However, since the campaign was conducted in the last year of the Assyrian king's rule, 773 BCE, there may also be other reasons why Shalmaneser himself did not participate in the campaign to Hatti.
Ahab Agonistes: The Rise and Fall of the Omri Dynasty (Library of Hebrew Bible - Old Testament Studies) by Lester L. Grabbe