By Marc Romanych, Martin Rupp, Henry Morshead
Within the early days of global conflict I, Germany unveiled a brand new weapon – the cellular 42cm (16.5 inch) M-Gerät howitzer. on the time, it used to be the biggest artillery piece of its sort on this planet and a heavily guarded mystery. whilst warfare broke out, of the howitzers have been rushed without delay from the manufacturing unit to Liege the place they speedy destroyed forts and forced the citadel to give up. After repeat performances at Namur, Maubeuge and Antwerp, German squaddies christened the howitzers ‘Grosse’ or ‘Dicke Berta’ (Fat or vast Bertha) after Bertha von Krupp, proprietor of the Krupp armament works that outfitted the howitzers. The nickname was once quickly picked up through German press which triumphed the 42cm howitzers as Wunderwaffe (wonder weapons), and the legend of huge Bertha was once born. This e-book information the layout and improvement of German siege weapons earlier than and through global conflict I. Accompanying the textual content are many infrequent, never-before-published photos of ‘Big Bertha’ and the opposite German siege weapons. color illustrations depict an important elements of the German siege artillery.
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Additional info for 42cm 'Big Bertha' and German Siege Artillery of WWI
Of SKM Battery 6 shelling Fort Waelhem. 5cm mortars opening fire on Fort Koningshooikt, and increased again on the 30th, with two 42cm M-Gerät howitzers of KMK Battery 3 shelling Fort Lierre. As the fortifications crumbled under the pounding from the siege guns, Belgian fortress artillery returned fire aggressively, almost hitting KMK Battery 3, but was unable to counter the German bombardment. Especially damaging to the forts were the 42cm projectiles, which easily crashed through the concrete roofs into the interior.
R. R. com First published in Great Britain in 2013 by Osprey Publishing, ACKNOWLEDGMENTS PO Box 883, Oxford, OX1 9PL, UK The authors wish to thank the following people who were instrumental to the research and writing of this book. To Robert Lembke whose wide-ranging knowledge of the siege batteries, in part stemming from his grandfather’s service with the German siege artillery batteries in 1914 and 1915, was an invaluable source of inspiration and advice. To Marcus Massing, a Verdun historian who provided detailed technical information on the Gamma-Gerät howitzers.
Com the entire Belgian Army – six infantry divisions and a cavalry division – were defending the fortress. Four divisions of the German III Reserve Corps partially surrounded Antwerp on September 27. Infantry and artillery massed on the southern side of the fortress along a section centered on Fort Wavre-Sainte-Cathérine. 5cm mortars, for a total of 13 pieces. It was the largest concentration of siege artillery in the war to date. R. of SKM Battery 6 shelling Fort Waelhem. 5cm mortars opening fire on Fort Koningshooikt, and increased again on the 30th, with two 42cm M-Gerät howitzers of KMK Battery 3 shelling Fort Lierre.
42cm 'Big Bertha' and German Siege Artillery of WWI by Marc Romanych, Martin Rupp, Henry Morshead