New PDF release: 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text

By David Arthur deSilva

ISBN-10: 1435614666

ISBN-13: 9781435614666

ISBN-10: 9004147764

ISBN-13: 9789004147768

This remark examines four Maccabees as a contribution to the continued reformulation of Jewish id and perform within the Greek-speaking Diaspora. It analyzes the Jewish author’s interplay with, and facility in, Greek rhetorical conventions, moral philosophy, and literary tradition, giving recognition additionally to his use and interpretation of texts and traditions from the Jewish Scriptures and different Hellenistic Jewish writings. The statement indicates the author’s skillful weaving jointly of some of these assets to create a textual content that translates the Torah-observant lifestyles because the fullest embodiment of the simplest Greek moral beliefs. a particular characteristic is the exam of the way the event of interpreting four Maccabees in Codex Sinaiticus differs from the adventure of interpreting the eclectic textual content.

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Additional resources for 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,)

Sample text

Reading ἐκδιδάσκεῖ rather than ἐξασκεῖ in 5:23 introduces another repetition of the educative function of Torah, although at the expense of another verb closely associated with practical training. The Sinaiticus text of 12:6 makes a significant shift, as the reader no longer encounters Antiochus’s pity for the mother (αὐτὴv ἐλεήσας in Rahlfs) as a motive for his bringing her forward to advise her last surviving son, but instead is informed concerning Antiochus’s devious strategy, playing upon the mother’s weaknesses and inducing her to take pity on herself ({ἑ}αὐτὴv ἐλεήσασα) and, breaking after so much stalwart resistance, plead with her last son to capitulate.

Even the double break at 14:2 and 14:3 functions to make the reader pause longer at the triumphant moment of acclaiming victory for the seven brothers after so long a struggle. xl INTRODUCTION COMMENTARY The scribes employed three standard abbreviations: representing the conjunctive καί from time to time as a kappa with a cedilla; consistently representing a nu at the end of line by a macron over the preceding vowel; and depicting the syllable -μoυ occasionally by a mu superimposed over an upsilon with a superscript omicron in smaller print.

This commentary and translation is based on a reconstruction of the original reading of Sinaiticus insofar as grammatical and contextual sense allows. The textual apparatus is designed to provide access to all the information on the manuscript page of Sinaiticus, as well as to display the points of convergence and divergence from Rahlfs’s critical text. Significant variations in meaning between the text of Sinaiticus and the critical edition of Rahlfs (the text of 4 Maccabees to which most readers will have access, either directly or through the English translations based on the critical text like the RSV and NRSV) are discussed throughout the commentary, textual notes, and notes on the translation (see 1:8, 20; 2:9, 15, 18, 24; 3:4, 8, 11, 13; 4:2, 9, 10; 5:9, 13, 23, 27; 6:14, 35; 7:14; 8:28; 9:1, 15, 21, 23, 28; 10:3, 14, 17; 11:2, 3, 4, 10; 12:1, 3, 6, 11, 13; 13:7, 21, 27; 14:3; 15:3, 5, 20, 24, 31; 16:3, 14, 23; 17:5, 17; 18:5, 7, 9, 23).

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4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,) by David Arthur deSilva

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